The Indian Army alone has a requirement of over 30,000 third generation NVDs to meet its requirements as per the present war establishment (WE) authorisation. There is a need to further enhance these holdings as presently only one device is authorised per section. Currently, only one soldier in a ten-man section is authorised to possess an NVG set, but the army wants to increase this ratio to 50 percent of personnel.
Almost 80 percent of the tanks lacked night fighting capabilities. The process to equip tanks is in hand. However, the gap is large and would take time to bridge since both T-72 and T-90 need to be equipped with better NVDs.
Night Vision Devices (NVDs) are also in use in Police Department and Paramilitary Forces (Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Borders Security Force (BSF), Assam Rifles, Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and National Security Guard (NSG).
The demand of Passive Night Vision goggles (PSVGs) is the highest followed by platform optronics, hand held thermals, Weapon Night Sights (WNS), Thermal Imaging Weapon Sights, Para Military Forces (PMS) Weapon Sights and Para Military Forces (PMS) PNVGs. The breakdown is as follows:
Platform Optronics - 34%
Passive Night Vision - 33%.
Weapon Night Sights - 11%.
Hand Held Thermal Imagers - 10%.
Thermal Imaging Weapons Sight - 5%
Paramilitary Forces Weapon Night Sight - 2%.
Paramilitary Passive Night Vision Goggles - 2%
Coast Guard - 1%.
Miscellaneous - 2%
During the period 2015-2020, the three armed forces are likely to spend a whopping Rs 23000 crores ($3.6 bn) on electro-optics systems with the NVD segment constituting about Rs 12500 crores ($2 bn) of the total Electro-Optics market.